Saturday, November 24, 2007
AIDS opportunistic infections
the first photo shows the lesions of kaposi sarcoma which is common in aids patients.
1- a cd4 count of less than 350 cells / microlitre is an indication to start the antiretroviral therapy in aids patients .
2- a cd4 count of less than 200 cells /microlitre is an indication that the patient is highly susceptible for pneumocystis carinii .
3- a cd4 count of less than 50 cells /microlitre is an indication that the patient is highly susceptible for CMV and mycobacteria of the mycobacterium avium complex.
4- as the cd4 count falls the opportunistic infections which will occur in an aids patient in the correct order as the count falls are
a- HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS
b- HERPES ZOSTER
d- KAPOSI SARCOMA
e- CRYPTOCCAL MENINGITIS
f- CANDIDIAL OESOPHAGITIS
g- PRIMARY PNEUMOCYSTIS CARINII PNEUMONIA( less than 200 cells/ microlitre - cd4 count)
h- NON HODGKIN LYMPHOMA
i- AIDS DEMENTIA COMPLEX
j- PROGRESSIVE MULTIFOCAL LEUCOENCEPHALOPATHY
k- WASTING SYNDROME
l- TOXOPLASMA GONDII ENCEPHALITIS
m- CMV RETINITIS ( less than 50 cells / microlitre )cd4 count.
n- SECONDARY PNEUMOCYSTIS CARINII PNEUMONIA
0- MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX BACTEREMIA( less than 50 cells / microlitre )cd4 count.